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2% National Insurance Cut in Your January Pay

By admin
29 Jan 2024

As of January 6, 2024, millions of UK workers are poised to experience a positive shift in their pay structures due to alterations in the tax landscape announced by Chancellor Jeremy Hunt in the Autumn statement. This adjustment specifically targets the main rate of Class 1 National Insurance Contributions (NICs) paid by employees. However, it is essential to note that this change may not be universally applicable.

Overview of Changes to National Insurance:

On January 6, the government implemented a reduction in the main rate of National Insurance paid by workers, decreasing it by two percentage points from 12% to 10%. This reduction is anticipated to result in a tax cut amounting to £9 billion for approximately 29 million individuals, translating into substantial savings for eligible workers over the course of the year.

According to analyses by AJ Bell, most individuals will witness an increase in their take-home pay following this change, although certain groups, such as those earning less than £242 a week or individuals over the age of 66, may not be eligible. For those benefiting from the reduction, AJ Bell estimates potential tax savings of up to £754 over the next 12 months.

Impact on Different Income Levels:

The reduction from 12% to 10% holds varying implications for individuals at different income levels. For instance, someone earning £30,000 annually may see their National Insurance bill decrease from £2,091.60 to £1,743, resulting in a saving of £348.60. The potential annual savings increase with higher incomes, reaching £754 for an individual with an annual salary of £100,000.

Implementation and Additional Changes in 2024:

While the government anticipates potential delays in employers adjusting their payroll systems, measures are expected to rectify this, ensuring employees receive the full benefit of the NICs reduction in subsequent months.

This reduction in National Insurance is not the sole change in 2024. From April 6, 2024, the government plans to decrease the main rate of self-employed National Insurance (Class 4 NICs) by 1p, from 9% to 8%. Additionally, self-employed individuals with profits exceeding £12,570 will no longer be required to pay Class 2 NICs, which are being abolished.

Understanding National Insurance:

National Insurance is a tax on earnings and self-employed profits, serving as one of the UK’s two income taxes alongside income tax. NICs contribute to funding social security benefits, the UK state pension, and, in part, support the NHS. According to the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), NICs constitute the UK’s second-largest tax, raising about £178 billion in the 2022-23 tax year.

Who Pays National Insurance and Why:

National Insurance is paid by employers, employees, and the self-employed, with rates and amounts varying based on factors such as employment status, age, earnings level, and residence status. It is a legal obligation, crucial for individuals to receive social security benefits like the state pension and maternity allowance.

How National Insurance Works:

Similar to income tax, National Insurance is calculated on gross earnings or profits above a specific threshold. There are four main classes of National Insurance, each with its own calculation method and purpose.

Checking Your NI Record:

To verify your National Insurance record, you can use your personal tax account online or request a statement from the website. These resources provide details on contributions, contribution class, any gaps in payment or credit, and options for filling those gaps.

In conclusion, the recent National Insurance changes offer potential financial benefits for many UK workers, and understanding the nuances of these adjustments is crucial for informed financial planning.

If you want to talk further about this as a business owner then please get in touch with the team

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